Quizzes

Tejano Mexicano Contribution to Texas [QUIZ]

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In honor of Hispanic Heritage month, we wanted to recognize some of the men who helped Texas gain its independence. Their courage and bravery led to the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence. It was signed on a cold blustery day on March 2, 1836, just nine days after the Battle of the Alamo began. Several of the men who contributed to our state’s independence were Tejanos Mexicanos, and these brave men participated in events that changed  it’s history forever. Most proud Texans are well versed in their state’s history, or are they? How much do you know about the brave men who had a direct impact on Texas’ independence? Take this quiz to see if you know your stuff about the Tejano Mexicano contribution to the great state we all know and love:

1. He was the only Hispanic delegate at the Convention of 1845. Before that he had been been a legislator for Coahuila and Texas, the federal congress at Mexico City, Texas Congress as a representative from Bexar, and was twice elected to the senate two times before refusing to run again. Not only was he one of three Mexican signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, he helped help write the first state constitution, the Constitution of 1845. 
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2. His democratic ideology led him to create and edit newspapers that would express his ideas. This led to a three year imprisonment where he taught himself English and medicine. His experience and education qualified him to take part in the drafting of the constitution of the Republic of Texas. Not only was he the first vice president of the Republic of Texas, in 1929 he was an empresario, authorized to settle 500 families.
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3. Born in Texas 17 years prior to his death on March 6, 1836 in the battle of the Alamo, this defender was rumored to be a protégé of James Bowie.
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4. Of the 60 men who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence, this man who was known as Don Pancho was only one of two native Texans to sign. After the battle off the Alamo Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna ordered Pancho, a San Antonio alderman to identify the fallen Alamo leaders and dispose of the dead.
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5. In February 1836 John William smith advised this man to take his family to the Alamo for refuge. When citizens left, he stayed to tend a cannon. His family’s lives were spared but his was not. His brother got special permission to retrieve his body for a Christian burial.
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6. He deserted the Mexican army to enlist as a rifleman in Seguín's company. Texans occupied structures such as his family’s home to defend the Alamo, his family was displaced for months. His wife, son, and two daughters survived the battle by hiding in the mission chapel along with other families and slaves.
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7. Having held positions as military officer, schoolmaster, and senator to the 1st Congress of the Republic of Texas this career soldier wrote the “Report on the Indian Tribes of Texas in 1818”. According to the Texas State Historical Association, in 1836 he wrote his family, “Under no circumstance, take sides against the Texans, for only God will return the territory of Texas to the Mexican government."
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8. One of 24 native Texans who died in the battle of the Alamo. He enlisted for six months service in the Texas Revolution and took part in the siege of Bexar. He served in the Alamo garrison as a member of Captain Seguín's company, known as the Tejandos. He half-brother and sister, applied for a grant of land for his part in the Revolution. On March 25, 1861, a note was placed in their file stating that they were too poor to carry the claim any further. 
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9. A land petition that was supported by affidavits of Colonel Seguín and Cornelio Delgado was discovered in 1986 at the Bexar County archives. This petition proved that this resident Texan was one of the fallen at the Alamo. He also helped Col. William B. Travis bring an 18 cannon to Bexar in December 1835.
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10. In October 1835, Stephen F. Austin granted him a captain's commission. On December 5th 1835, his company of 37 men participated in the assault on Gen. Martín Perfecto de Cos's army at San Antonio. He escaped the Alamo, leaving as a courier. He went to Gonzales where he organized a Tejano unit that functioned as the rear guard of Sam Houston's army. He observed the Mexican army's retreat after being the only Tejano unit to participate in the Battle of San Jacinto.
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