History

The Texas Hill Country’s 5 Most Notorious Outlaws

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The life of a Wild West outlaw was neither glamorous nor fun, but for many men and women it was the chance to become a legend. Nearly a century and a half later we still memorialize these renegades with movies, books, and songs. The Texas Hill Country was replete with gunslingers, cattle rustlers and thieves, but not just any run of the mill outlaws – these five were the best the West and Texas had to offer.

5. Emmanuel “Mannen” Clement: (18??-1887)

The Texas Hill Country’s 5 Most Notorious Outlaws

Photo: legendsofamerica.com

Not known as the most successful, famous or vicious outlaw, Mannen earns his spot due to his role in cultivating the outlaw culture in Central Texas. A godfather of sorts, Clement was the friend, brother, father, cousin or father-in-law to some of Texas’s most infamous outlaws including Jim Miller, Emmanuel Clement Jr., and John Wesley Hardin.

Clement was a successful rancher in McCullouch County, although, his success did not come without suspicion, as many attributed his gains to cattle rustling. As a cattle man, he first was arrested on charges of murder by none other than Wild Bill Hickok in Kansas, following the shooting of two brothers that challenged his authority during a cattle drive. John Wesley Hardin, Mannen’s cousin and fellow outlaw, was friends with Hickok and helped secure his release.

With his brothers, Clement again found himself imprisoned in Austin, following his involvement in the Taylor-Sutton Feud. No stranger to feuds and fights, Clement also joined his son-in-law in Pecos, Texas when Jim Miller tangled with Sheriff Frazer in the bloody Miller-Frazer feud.

Despite his shady past, Clement, as did other outlaws, ran for public office. In a hotly contested race for sheriff of Runnel County, Clement would eventually lose the election. A short time afterward, Clement was shot in the Senate Saloon in Ballinger, Texas by City Marshal Joe Townsend in 1887, a death Jim Miller is suspected of avenging.

4. Jim Miller, “Deacon Miller,” “Killer Miller”: (1861-1909)

The Texas Hill Country’s 5 Most Notorious Outlaws
Photo: Pinterest