Nature

10 Wildlife Species in The Texas Hill Country

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10 Wildlife Species in The Texas Hill Country

The ecologically diverse landscape of the Hill Country is home to native species, including several on the endangered list, which are not found anywhere else in the world. Land stewardship programs, state parks and natural areas protect natural habitats and provide opportunities to view and learn about our native wildlife.

Here are ten species you might encounter in the Texas Hill country.

1. Guadalupe Bass, Micropterus treculii

10 Wildlife Species in The Texas Hill Country

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

The Guadalupe bass, also known as black bass or Guadalupe spotted bass, is the official state fish of Texas. It is actually a member of the sunfish family and lives in small streams in parts of the Guadalupe, San Antonio, Colorado and Brazos Rivers. While small populations reside outside of the Edwards Plateau, this species does not live anywhere else on earth.

Guadalupe bass are small, green in color and do not have distinguishable vertical bars like the smallmouth bass. They are adapted to small streams, but have a propensity for fast flowing water. This makes Guadalupe bass a popular sport fishing species.

2. White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus texanus

10 Wildlife Species in The Texas Hill Country

Photo: Flickr/Terry Ross

Texas has the largest white-tailed deer population in the country, with an estimated three to four million deer residing throughout the state. The deer prefer the wooded, brushy terrain of the Hill Country, so there is an abundant population in the area. This habitat offers good cover and a variety of food sources, such as twigs, plants, fruit and grass. When it comes to food, white-tailed deer make no distinction between wild wooded terrain and human dwellings. They frequently enter yards in suburban areas and damage landscaping and gardens.

They are reddish-brown in color during the summer months and grayish-brown in winter. The tail is usually held erect, especially when fleeing, to show its white underside. Fawns have bright white spots on their coats until they are about six months old. Bucks grow a new set of antlers every year and shed the old ones when the breeding season is over between December and March.

3. Texas Map Turtle, Graptemys versa

10 Wildlife Species in The Texas Hill Country
Photo: Wikimedia Commons

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